In this issue: Experimental Arctic Prediction, Sea Ice: Summer & Autumn 2017 Climate Review May–Oct '17, News & Events
Sea ice was extraordinarily slow to grow during November in the Chukchi and Bering Seas near Alaska. Ice started to grow out from the coast during the last ten days of the month, but a huge area of the offshore Chukchi Sea and nearly all of the northern Bering Sea remained ice-free. The combined Chukchi and Bering Sea ice extent was less than half of 1981-2010 average and 20% lower than the previous lowest (2014) in the satellite era (since 1978).
With open water in the Chukchi Sea to the west of Utqiaġvik (Barrow) virtually the entire autumn, it's not surprising that 2017 ended up as the third warmest September through November autumn season in the past 98 years. The average temperature of 25.4°F (-3.7°C) was 8.7°F (4.8°C) above normal. The only milder autumns were in 1998 at 25.8°F (-3.4°C) and 2016 at 26.0°F (-3.3°C). Climate observations have been made at Utqiaġvik since autumn 1920.
This was the fourth warmest autumn of record at Bethel, and the second warmest since 1926. The average temperature for the three months, September through November, was 36.0°F (2.2°C). The is almost five degrees above the 1981-2010 normal. The only autumn in recent decades that was milder was in 2002, when the average temperature was 36.4°F (2.4°C).
November was unusually dry in Sitka, with only 3.11" (79.0mm) of precipitation. This is less than one-third of normal and ranks as the fifth driest November of record at the Sitka Airport. Climate observations have been made at the Sitka airport since the mid-1940s.
Yakutat is typically a very wet community, averaging more than 14 inches of precipitation in November alone. However, this November was exceptionally dry. Only 2.14" (54.4mm) of rain and melted snow fell, making this the second driest November of record. The only drier November was in 2006, when there was just 1.82" (46.2mm) of precipitation.
Several significant snowfalls and a host of smaller events pushed the November snowfall in Fairbanks to 24.6" (62.5cm). This is more than 11" (29cm) above normal and ranks as the eighth snowiest November in the past century. As is often the case, snowfall was higher to the north and east of town. The South Fox climate station measured 29" (74cm) of snow for the month, and the higher elevation Keystone Ridge climate station near Murphy Dome recorded an impressive 40" (103cm) of snow during the month.
The average temperature at St. Paul in November of 39.4°F (4.1°C) was more the six degrees above normal and made this the second warmest November on record at the Pribilof Island community. The only warmer November was back in 1926, when the monthly average was 39.6°F (4.2°C).
The average temperature at Utqiaġvik (Barrow) in November was 17.2°F (-8.2°C) was 16.5°F (9.2°C) above the 1981-2010 and easily the warmest November in the past 98 years. The previous warmest November occurred in 1950, when the average temperature was 15.3F (-9.3°C). Seven of the ten warmest Novembers at Utqiaġvik have occurred since 1997.