Twenty-five percent of all Alaskans, and 46 percent of Alaska Natives, live in communities of fewer than 1,000 people. Most of these communities are accessible only by boat or aircraft. Dependent on local resources, rural Native communities in Alaska are among those most directly impacted by the changing climate. ACCAP continues its focus on conducting research and developing decision support for these vulnerable and underserved communities. Balancing societal needs with research priorities, new approaches to involving residents in identifying concerns and adaptation tools can be effective ways to engage communities and tribes in urgent public issues such as resource development.